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12 de junho de 2020
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17 de julho de 2020

INDEPENDENCE DAY 🇺🇸

Independence Day of The Fourth of July (em português Dia da Independência dos Estados Unidos) é um feriado nacional comemorado no dia 04 de julho. O Independence Day simboliza a Declaração da Independência dos EUA em 04 de julho de 1776.

O documento escrito por Thomas Jefferson, o terceiro presidente dos Estados Unidos, representa a separação formal dos EUA das Treze Colônias do Império Britânico.

Que tal aproveitar esta data especial para os americanos e aprender um pouco sobre sua independência vendo um bom filme? Confira dois filmes que selecionamos para você:

 – O PATRIOTA

Benjamin Martin (Mel Gibson) foi o herói de um violento conflito. Desde o término da guerra ele renunciou à luta, vivendo em paz com sua família. Quando os ingleses levam a guerra da independência americana para dentro de sua casa, Benjamin não vê outra saída a não ser pegar nas armas novamente, desta vez acompanhado por seu filho idealista (Heath Ledger), e liderar uma brava rebelião em uma batalha contra o implacável e equipado exército britânico

 – O ÚLTIMO DOS MOICANOS

MOICANOS (1992)
No meio da luta entre franceses e ingleses pelas terras norte americanas, Michael Mann insere um toque de romance e dirige Daniel Day-Lewis impecavelmente. Fora isso, é notável perceber o trabalho detalhado em relação à escolha da trilha sonora (que faturou o Oscar, naquele ano). O filme é uma aula de História e imperdível!!

No texto abaixo, você pode entender, em inglês, um pouco mais da história da independência dos EUA.

independe

Independence Day is annually celebrated on July 4 and is often known as “the Fourth of July”. It is the anniversary of the publication of the declaration of independence from Great Britain in 1776. Patriotic displays and family events are organized throughout the United States.

Many people display the American flag outside their homes or buildings. Many communities arrange fireworks that are often accompanied by patriotic music. The most impressive fireworks are shown on television. Some employees use one or more of their vacation days to create a long weekend so that they can escape the heat at their favorite beach or vacation spot.
Independence Day is a patriotic holiday for celebrating the positive aspects of the United States. Many politicians appear at public events to show their support for the history, heritage and people of their country. Above all, people in the United States express and give thanks for the freedom and liberties fought by the first generation of many of today’s Americans. The Statue of Liberty is a national monument that is associated with Independence Day.

Public Life

Independence Day is a federal holiday. If July 4 is a Saturday, it is observed on Friday, July 3. If July 4 is a Sunday, it is observed on Monday, July 5. Government offices and schools are closed. Some businesses may be closed as well. In some years, many employees use a proportion of their vacation days to create a long weekend. This can cause congestion in some places, particularly towards popular holiday destinations.
There are many public events, parades, shows and fireworks displays. This may cause local disruption to traffic. Public transit systems do not usually operate on their regular timetables.

About Independence Day

In 1775, people in New England began fighting the British for their independence. On July 2, 1776, the Congress secretly voted for independence from Great Britain. Two days later, on July 4, 1776, the final wording of the Declaration of Independence was approved, and the document was published. The first public reading of the Declaration of Independence was on July 8, 1776. Delegates began to sign the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. In 1870, Independence Day was made an unpaid holiday for federal employees. In 1941, it became a paid holiday for them.
The first description of how Independence Day would be celebrated was in a letter from John Adams to his wife Abigail on July 3, 1776. He described “pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations” throughout the United States. However, the term “Independence Day” was not used until 1791.
Interestingly, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, both signers of the Declaration of Independence and presidents of the United States, died on July 4, 1826 – exactly 50 years after the adoption of the declaration. It is also important to note that Native Americans lived in the country and each tribe had its own nation and government prior to the European settlers.

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